PROFESSOR GREENBERG’s LOVE of PHYSICS

    Marek Greenberg is the scientist with a world famous name. He graduated experimental physics in native Poland. His student's years passed in the University of Nicolaus Copernicus in the city of Tarun.There he has begun his activity. The first position was the junior researcher. Since then more than 40 years passed. During that time his love of physics only grew. Now he is a Ph.D. professor of physics of the Gdansk university M. Greenberg goes over the countries, gives lectures to foreign students, meets the students, discusses joint plans. Recently Polish professor has also visited our university.

Grinberg

   

There is an Institution of experimental physics at the Gdansk University, where you work at. To what extent is it effective to create such institutes at universities?

    The institute of experimental physics is a part of a faculty of mathematics, physics and informatics of the Gdansk university. We have a rare organization of faculty. We have no departments. Their work is performed by institutes and offices.

   What can you say about the role of international educational programs among higher education institutions?

   The international educational programs among higher educational institutions, such as universities and academies, are extremely important. They increase education level and allow students to go to other universities. Such programs are deeply put in tradition of the European university. In antique times students and philosophers absolutely freely could pass into educational institutions of the different cities, often changing the mentors. In the Middle Ages such processes were more commonly used. Students and professors made educational travel to universities of different European countries, and all this was free. Now we try to revive these traditions.

   They say “If you want to be a physicist, it is necessary to be a lyricist», that means you must be very sensitive and imaginative, physics attracts us to something beautiful, it shows how logical and natural the world around us is. What do you think about it?

    I think, I can partly agree with this opinion. To be a good physicist, you have to be sensitive and creative. But it is not just a requirement. I will give the example why I have decided to become a physicist. Actually my motivation was different. I considered that the most part of knowledge gained by me at school is doubtful and in many respects isn't checked. Only mathematics and physics were for me the "real" science. These disciplines give real knowledge of life, of the Universe. Later I understood why. It is because of methodology. It is necessary to repeat experiments to prove all statements. These methods are not used in humanitarian and political sciences.

   In Kazakhstan young people are greatly interested in physics as well as everywhere around the world. The last years’ appeal has considerably increased. How would you explain this situation?

    It is great that Kazakhstan students want to study physics. The physics is quite difficult and at the same time is worth it. But there is a condition - it is necessary to work permanently on the knowledge and to improve skills. By the way, in my opinion, such interest became common for the developing countries. I also see many young students physicists in South Korea, China and India. Working in science it is considered to be a personal success. Possibly, the reason of it is a good educational system in Kazakhstan. When students are well educated, they understand that the physics is interesting.

   The geography of your research life is allocated with a variety of countries like Scotland, the USA, Italy, Poland, Kazakhstan. Where did you manage to achieve the most effective results?

   The results, which I received with my PhD students in Poland, are most interesting. However, traveling as the doctor of science, I learned much in the USA, Scotland and France. I work in the specific area of application-oriented physics and chemistry - synthesis and execution of luminescent materials. Now this part of science quickly develops in Japan, South Korea, Taiwan and China. Therefore cooperation with these countries is the most fruitful for me .

   You make a big contribution to education of young scientists. Now you have students in Kazakhstan. What can you tell about them?

    Kazakhstan students are hardworking. They work hard and they have progress. It is a result of good motivation and desire to study. There is a barrier – the language. English is necessary for communication in science. If to compare with such European countries as Germany or the Netherlands, Kazakhstan students know less. Many Polish students have the same problem.

    Please, tell us about your spare time.

   I like history. Not only Polish one, but also in general - world history. It is interesting to know how the human being developed. History teaches us much on the example of mighty empires. Great governors created and destroyed powers only because of the self-interest. Becoming barbarians, they forgot about achievements, existed before their rule . Sometimes we come across such situations nowadays. Apart from history I like sport. Ancient Greeks and Romans considered it is an equilibrium between a brain and a body. When I was younger I liked to swim long in the Baltic Sea. Now I have not enough time for sport. Nevertheless I practice aikido (the Japanese martial art) which brings the mass of pleasure, at the same time doesn't require a lot of time.

   Interviewed by Gulnara Karasha

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№14089-Ж

16.01.2014

ISSN: 2312-475X

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